General higher education entrance certificate (Abitur)
Studying without a higher education entrance certificate
Access to higher education for applicants with qualifications in vocational education was changed by a new regulation passed on 15 March 2010. For Teacher Training at Vocational Colleges, candidates have to apply for a place at university and a university of applied sciences. The following possibilities exist for entering higher education without an entrance qualification for studies at universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulreife) or Abitur (A'levels):
Master craftsmen and women and
applicants with experience in the intended field (successful completion of a recognised apprenticeship of at least two years and a minimum of three years' experience working in that vocational field relating to the subject in the degree programme):
- In degree programmes subject to admissions restrictions: 2 to 4 per cent of places at universities in North Rhine-Westphalia are reserved for these groups of applicants (4 per cent at Münster University of Applied Sciences)
- In degree programmes that are not subject to admissions restrictions: all applicants may enrol
Applicants with no experience in the intended field (successful completion of a recognised apprenticeship of at least two years and a minimum of three years' experience working in a vocational field that differs from the subject in the degree programme):
- Degree programmes subject to admissions restrictions: an admissions test must be taken
- Degree programmes that are not subject to admissions restrictions: candidates can choose between taking an admissions test or participating in a trial course of studies for four semesters (a minimum of 20 CP per trial semester must be achieved) (a trial course of studies for two semesters at the university of applied sciences).
Closing date for applying for the admissions test: the closing date for applying to take
the admission test is 1 April for winter semester and 1 October for summer semester. The usual deadlines for applications apply to applications not involving an admissions test.
Proof of twelve-month subject-related practical work is required for Teacher Training at Vocational Colleges. The greater part of this period (i.e. at least six months and one day) should have been completed before finishing the degree programme.
Vocational training or previous periods of employment may be credited. The purpose of subject-related practical work is to familiarise future teachers at vocational colleges with the world of working with pupils.
When combining a general subject with a vocational subject, previous work should have been completed in the vocational subject. If two general subjects are combined, relevant areas of work shall be chosen.
The subject-related practical work can be covered by work placements completed before, during or - for less than half of the required period - after studying. The duration of part-placements should be no less than four weeks.